Isfahan is on the alluvial plain of Zayanderud (the largest river in the center of Iran). It is one of the cities that is said to be as old as the country Iran. Isfahan was usually among the biggest cities of Iran throughout the history. Historians said that this city existed even before the Achenaed dynasty. This city used to be the capital of Iran for more than 900 years during Achaemenid and Sasanian Empires. Islamic army invaded Isfahan in 641 and from that time on the Islamic architecture started to grow there. This city was in its most magnificence and magnitude during Shah Abbas I's rule. He chose Isfahan as the capital and built a lot of marvelous buildings in it. Since that time, Isfahan has been dubbed "Nesf-e-Jahan" (Half of the world). At the end of the Safavieh dynasty, Afghans attacked the city and massacre the people. And after that Isfahan was ruined at the end of Qajar dynasty. Zell-e Soltan, Naser al-Din Shah's son, demolished many of its buildings and used the materials to build his own famous palace, called Zell-e Soltan Palace, in Tehran.

Sheikh Lotfollah Mosque Isfahan

This mosque is located next to Imam (Naghsh-e-Jahan) Square and its unique dome, portal, tile works, and beautiful inscriptions make it more stunning. The process of building took 17 years from 1603.

Vank Cathedral Isfahan

In Jelfa district, south of zayanderud, there exist 14 churches, the most well-known of which is Vanak Church which was constructed during Shah Abbas II time. This church includes paintings of Jesus Christ's life, ornaments, and stuccos. Vanak museum is also in this church.

Khaju Bridge

Khaju Brdige was created by Shah Abbas II in 1650 on Zayanderud and it is 132 meters high and 12 meters wide. In terms of architecture and tile work is extremely interesting and famous.

Siosepol  (Allah-Verdi Khan Bridge)

This famous bridge is located in the south of Chahar Bagh Street and it comprises 33 arches. The construction started in 1603 by Shah Abbas and finished by Allah-Verdi Khan. ‘This bridge is 300 meters high and 14 meters wide.

Chehel Sotoun

This palace was built in 1647 in an area of 67000 square meters during Shah Abbas II rule. This building has a great balcony, 18 pillars, Mirror Hall, and several rooms with fantastic mirror works, stuccos and interesting paintings.