Azadi Square is the largest squares in Tehran. The 48m Azadi Tower, symbol of Tehran, is in the center of the square. Azadi Tower, also known as Shahyad Tower, was built during the reign of Mohammad Reza Pahlavi and was acknowledged as the symbol of the nation's capital.
This square was called Shahyad Square before the Iranian revolution in 1978. Shahyad or Azadi Square is in the shape of an oval and Azadi Tower is placed in the center of the square. There are two routes structured on the sidelines of the square meant for driving cars. Some parts of the routes transform into two-storey avenues. There are gardens and lawns designed in the shape of hexagons in the space between Azadi Tower and the sidelines around the square.
Based on the survey done, most of Tehran residents acknowledged Azadi Tower as the symbol of Tehran. Also based on the same survey, Azadi Square was placed third on the list of the most interesting places to see in Tehran; first and second place were given to the museums and palaces.
Shahyad Tower was built as a reminiscence of the 2500th year of the Persian Empire. On October 16th, 1971 the tower was unveiled. Hossein Amanat was the designer and also the supervisor of this tower. Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, king of Iran and his wife Farah Pahlavi attended the opening ceremony of the tower. It was during this ceremony that the first human rights declaration, written by Cyrus the great (Cyrus Cylinder) was revealed and read by the Achaemenid king.